Keyboard shortcuts

Posted on July 11, 2020



By pressing certain key combinations (keyboard shortcut), you can do things that normally need a mouse, trackpad, or other input source. For example, to use Command ⌘ + C, press and hold the Command ⌘ key, then the C key, then release both keys.

Contents

Symbols

Many app menus and keyboard keys display symbols that represent modifier keys. These keys can be combined with other key combinations to perform actions.

Keyboard keySymbol
Command
Shift
Option (or Alt)
Control (or Ctrl)
Caps Lock
Return↩︎
Delete (Backward Delete)
Forward Delete
Up Arrow
Down Arrow
Left Arrow
Right Arrow
Page Up
Page Down
Top (Home)↖︎
End↘︎
Tab Right
Tab Left
Escape

Common shortcuts

Command ⌘ + X
Cut the selected item and copy it to the Clipboard.
Command ⌘ + C
Copy the selected item to the Clipboard. This also works for files in the Finder.
Command ⌘ + V
Paste the contents of the Clipboard into the current document or app. This also works for files in the Finder.
Command ⌘ + Z
Undo the previous command. You can then press Shift ⇧ + Command ⌘ + Z to Redo, reversing the undo command. In some apps, you can undo and redo multiple commands.
Command ⌘ + A
Select All items.
Command ⌘ + F
Find items in a document or open a Find window.
Command ⌘ + G
Find Again. Find the next occurrence of the item previously found. To find the previous occurrence, press Shift ⇧ + Command ⌘ + G.
Command ⌘ + H
Hide the windows of the front app. To view the front app but hide all other apps, press Option ⌥ + Command ⌘ + H.
Command ⌘ + M
Minimize the front window to the Dock. To minimize all windows of the front app, press Option ⌥ + Command ⌘ + M.
Command ⌘ + O
Open the selected item, or open a dialog to select a file to open.
Command ⌘ + P
Print the current document.
Command ⌘ + S
Save the current document.
Command ⌘ + T
Open a new tab.
Command ⌘ + W
Close the front window. To close all windows of the app, press Option ⌥ + Command ⌘ + W.
Option ⌥ + Command ⌘ + Esc ⎋
Force quit an app.
Command ⌘ + Space bar
Show or hide the Spotlight search field. To perform a Spotlight search from a Finder window, press Command ⌘ + Option ⌥ + Space bar. (If you use multiple input sources to type in different languages, these shortcuts change input sources instead of showing Spotlight. Learn how to change a conflicting keyboard shortcut.)
Control ⌃ + Command ⌘ + Space bar
Show the Character Viewer, from which you can choose emoji and other symbols.
Control ⌃ + Command ⌘ + F
Use the app in full screen, if supported by the app.
Space bar
Use Quick Look to preview the selected item.
Command ⌘ + Tab
Switch to the next most recently used app among your open apps.
Shift ⇧ + Command ⌘ + 5
In macOS Mojave or later, take a screenshot or make a screen recording. Or use Shift ⇧ + Command ⌘ + 3 or Shift ⇧ + Command ⌘ + 4 for screenshots. Learn more about screenshots.
Shift ⇧ + Command ⌘ + N
Create a new folder in the Finder.
Command ⌘ + Comma ,
Open preferences for the front app.

Xcode shortcuts

Command ⌘ + B
Build the project.
Command ⌘ + R
Run the project.
Command ⌘ + U
Run tests.
Command ⌘ + K
Perform a basic clean.
Shift ⇧ + Command ⌘ + K
Perform a complete clean of all build files.
Command ⌘ + 0
Hide or show the navigation area.
Command ⌘ + Option ⌥ + 0
Hide or show the utility area.
Shift ⇧ + Command ⌘ + Y
Hide or show the debugging area.
Command ⌘ + Option ⌥ + E
Select the first instance of some text. Then use shortcut to select next occurance of that text.

macOS shortcuts

Some of these shortcuts do not apply to Macs with the Touch ID sensor. These shortcuts are denoted by an * .

Power button
Press to turn on your Mac or wake it from sleep. Press and hold for 1.5 seconds to put your Mac to sleep.* Continue holding to force your Mac to turn off.
Option ⌥ + Command ⌘ + Power button* or Option ⌥ + Command ⌘ + Media Eject
Put your Mac to sleep.
Control ⌃ + Shift ⇧ + Power button* or Control ⌃ + Shift ⇧ + Media Eject
Put your displays to sleep.
Control ⌃ + Power button* or Control ⌃ + Media Eject
Display a dialog asking whether you want to restart, sleep, or shut down.
Control ⌃ + Command ⌘ + Power button *
Force your Mac to restart, without prompting to save any open and unsaved documents.
Control ⌃ + Command ⌘ + Media Eject
Quit all apps, then restart your Mac. If any open documents have unsaved changes, you will be asked whether you want to save them.
Control ⌃ + Option ⌥ + Command ⌘ + Power button* or Control ⌃ + Option ⌥ + Command ⌘ + Media Eject
Quit all apps, then shut down your Mac. If any open documents have unsaved changes, you will be asked whether you want to save them.
Control ⌃ + Command ⌘ + Q
Immediately lock your screen.
Shift ⇧ + Command ⌘ + Q
Log out of your macOS user account. You will be asked to confirm. To log out immediately without confirming, press Option ⌥ + Shift ⇧ + Command ⌘ + Q.

Finder shortcuts

Command ⌘ + D
Duplicate the selected files.
Command ⌘ + E
Eject the selected disk or volume.
Command ⌘ + F
Start a Spotlight search in the Finder window.
Command ⌘ + I
Show the Get Info window for a selected file.
Command ⌘ + R
(1) When an alias is selected the Finder: show the original file for the selected alias. (2) In some apps, such as Calendar or Safari, refresh or reload the page. (3) In Software Update preferences, check for software updates again.
Shift ⇧ + Command ⌘ + C
Open the Computer window.
Shift ⇧ + Command ⌘ + D
Open the desktop folder.
Shift ⇧ + Command ⌘ + F
Open the Recents window, showing all of the files you viewed or changed recently.
Shift ⇧ + Command ⌘ + G
Open a Go to Folder window.
Shift ⇧ + Command ⌘ + H
Open the Home folder of the current macOS user account.
Shift ⇧ + Command ⌘ + I
Open iCloud Drive.
Shift ⇧ + Command ⌘ + K
Open the Network window.
Option ⌥ + Command ⌘ + L
Open the Downloads folder.
Shift ⇧ + Command ⌘ + N
Create a new folder.
Shift ⇧ + Command ⌘ + O
Open the Documents folder.
Shift ⇧ + Command ⌘ + P
Show or hide the Preview pane in Finder windows.
Shift ⇧ + Command ⌘ + R
Open the AirDrop window.
Shift ⇧ + Command ⌘ + T
Show or hide the tab bar in Finder windows.
Control ⌃ + Shift ⇧ + Command ⌘ + T
Add selected Finder item to the Dock (OS X Mavericks or later).
Shift ⇧ + Command ⌘ + U
Open the Utilities folder.
Option ⌥ + Command ⌘ + D
Show or hide the Dock.
Control ⌃ + Command ⌘ + T
Add the selected item to the sidebar (OS X Mavericks or later).
Option ⌥ + Command ⌘ + P
Hide or show the path bar in Finder windows.
Option ⌥ + Command ⌘ + S
Hide or show the Sidebar in Finder windows.
Command ⌘ + Slash (/)
Hide or show the status bar in Finder windows.
Command ⌘ + J
Show View Options.
Command ⌘ + K
Open the Connect to Server window.
Command ⌘ + L
Make an alias of the selected item.
Command ⌘ + N
Open a new Finder window.
Option ⌥ + Command ⌘ + N
Create a new Smart Folder.
Command ⌘ + T
Show or hide the tab bar when a single tab is open in the current Finder window.
Option ⌥ + Command ⌘ + T
Show or hide the toolbar when a single tab is open in the current Finder window.
Option ⌥ + Command ⌘ + V
Move the files in the Clipboard from their original location to the current location.
Command ⌘ + Y
Use Quick Look to preview the selected files.
Option ⌥ + Command ⌘ + Y
View a Quick Look slideshow of the selected files.
Command ⌘ + 1
View the items in the Finder window as icons.
Command ⌘ + 2
View the items in a Finder window as a list.
Command ⌘ + 3
View the items in a Finder window in columns.
Command ⌘ + 4
View the items in a Finder window in a gallery.
Command ⌘ + Left Bracket ([)
Go to the previous folder.
Command ⌘ + Right Bracket (])
Go to the next folder.
Command ⌘ + Up Arrow
Open the folder that contains the current folder.
Command ⌘ + Control–Up Arrow
Open the folder that contains the current folder in a new window.
Command ⌘ + Down Arrow
Open the selected item.
Right Arrow
Open the selected folder. This works only when in list view.
Left Arrow
Close the selected folder. This works only when in list view.
Command ⌘ + Delete
Move the selected item to the Trash.
Shift ⇧ + Command ⌘ + Delete
Empty the Trash.
Option ⌥ + Shift ⇧ + Command ⌘ + Delete
Empty the Trash without confirmation dialog.
Command ⌘ + Brightness Up
Turn target display mode on or off.
Command ⌘ + Brightness Down
Turn video mirroring on or off when your Mac is connected to more than one display.
Option ⌥ + Brightness Up
Open Displays preferences. This works with either Brightness key.
Control ⌃ + Brightness Up or Control ⌃ + Brightness Down
Change the brightness of your external display, if supported by your display.
Option ⌥ + Shift ⇧ + Brightness Up or Option ⌥ + Shift ⇧ + Brightness Down
Adjust the display brightness in smaller steps. Add the Control key to this shortcut to make the adjustment on your external display, if supported by your display.
Option ⌥ + Mission Control
Open Mission Control preferences.
Command ⌘ + Mission Control
Show the desktop.
Control ⌃ + Down Arrow
Show all windows of the front app.
Option ⌥ + Volume Up
Open Sound preferences. This works with any of the volume keys.
Option ⌥ + Shift ⇧ + Volume Up or Option ⌥ + Shift ⇧ + Volume Down
Adjust the sound volume in smaller steps.
Option ⌥ + Keyboard Brightness Up
Open Keyboard preferences. This works with either Keyboard Brightness key.
Option ⌥ + Shift ⇧ + Keyboard Brightness Up or Option ⌥ + Shift ⇧ + Keyboard Brightness Down
Adjust the keyboard brightness in smaller steps.
Option ⌥ key while double-clicking
Open the item in a separate window, then close the original window.
Command ⌘ key while double-clicking
Open a folder in a separate tab or window.
Command ⌘ key while dragging to another volume
Move the dragged item to the other volume, instead of copying it.
Option ⌥ key while dragging
Copy the dragged item. The pointer changes while you drag the item.
Option ⌥ + Command while dragging
Make an alias of the dragged item. The pointer changes while you drag the item.
Option ⌥ + click a disclosure triangle
Open all folders within the selected folder. This works only when in list view.
Command ⌘ + click a window title
See the folders that contain the current folder.
Command ⌘ + Shift ⇧ + Period .
Toggle visibility of dot files (hidden files) displayed in a window.

Document shortcuts

Command ⌘ + B
Boldface the selected text, or turn boldfacing on or off.
Command ⌘ + I
Italicize the selected text, or turn italics on or off.
Command ⌘ + K
Add a web link.
Command ⌘ + U
Underline the selected text, or turn underlining on or off.
Command ⌘ + T
Show or hide the Fonts window.
Command ⌘ + D
Select the Desktop folder from within an Open dialog or Save dialog.
Control ⌃ + Command ⌘ + D
Show or hide the definition of the selected word.
Shift ⇧ + Command ⌘ + Colon (:)
Display the Spelling and Grammar window.
Command ⌘ + Semicolon (;)
Find misspelled words in the document.
Option ⌥ + Delete
Delete the word to the left of the insertion point.
Control ⌃ + H
Delete the character to the left of the insertion point. Or use Delete.
Control ⌃ + D
Delete the character to the right of the insertion point. Or use Fn-Delete.
Fn + Delete
Forward delete on keyboards that don’t have a Forward Delete key. Or use Control ⌃ + D.
Control ⌃ + K
Delete the text between the insertion point and the end of the line or paragraph.
Fn + Up Arrow
Page Up: Scroll up one page.
Fn + Down Arrow
Page Down: Scroll down one page.
Fn + Left Arrow
Scroll to the beginning of a document.
Fn + Right Arrow
Scroll to the end of a document.
Command ⌘ + Up Arrow
Move the insertion point to the beginning of the document.
Command ⌘ + Down Arrow
Move the insertion point to the end of the document.
Command ⌘ + Left Arrow
Move the insertion point to the beginning of the current line.
Command ⌘ + Right Arrow
Move the insertion point to the end of the current line.
Option ⌥ + Left Arrow
Move the insertion point to the beginning of the previous word.
Option ⌥ + Right Arrow
Move the insertion point to the end of the next word.
Shift ⇧ + Command ⌘ + Up Arrow
Select the text between the insertion point and the beginning of the document.
Shift ⇧ + Command ⌘ + Down Arrow
Select the text between the insertion point and the end of the document.
Shift ⇧ + Command ⌘ + Left Arrow
Select the text between the insertion point and the beginning of the current line.
Shift ⇧ + Command ⌘ + Right Arrow
Select the text between the insertion point and the end of the current line.
Shift ⇧ + Up Arrow
Extend text selection to the nearest character at the same horizontal location on the line above.
Shift ⇧ + Down Arrow
Extend text selection to the nearest character at the same horizontal location on the line below.
Shift ⇧ + Left Arrow
Extend text selection one character to the left.
Shift ⇧ + Right Arrow
Extend text selection one character to the right.
Option ⌥ + Shift ⇧ + Up Arrow
Extend text selection to the beginning of the current paragraph, then to the beginning of the following paragraph if pressed again.
Option ⌥ + Shift ⇧ + Down Arrow
Extend text selection to the end of the current paragraph, then to the end of the following paragraph if pressed again.
Option ⌥ + Shift ⇧ + Left Arrow
Extend text selection to the beginning of the current word, then to the beginning of the following word if pressed again.
Option ⌥ + Shift ⇧ + Right Arrow
Extend text selection to the end of the current word, then to the end of the following word if pressed again.
Control ⌃ + A
Move to the beginning of the line or paragraph.
Control ⌃ + E
Move to the end of a line or paragraph.
Control ⌃ + F
Move one character forward.
Control ⌃ + B
Move one character backward.
Control ⌃ + L
Center the cursor or selection in the visible area.
Control ⌃ + P
Move up one line.
Control ⌃ + N
Move down one line.
Control ⌃ + O
Insert a new line after the insertion point.
Control ⌃ + T
Swap the character behind the insertion point with the character in front of the insertion point.
Command ⌘ + Left Curly Bracket ({)
Left align.
Command ⌘ + Right Curly Bracket (})
Right align.
Shift ⇧ + Command ⌘ + Vertical bar (|)
Center align.
Option ⌥ + Command ⌘ + F
Go to the search field.
Option ⌥ + Command ⌘ + T
Show or hide a toolbar in the app.
Option ⌥ + Command ⌘ + C
Copy the formatting settings of the selected item to the Clipboard.
Option ⌥ + Command ⌘ + V
Apply the copied style to the selected item.
Option ⌥ + Shift ⇧ + Command ⌘ + V
Apply the style of the surrounding content to the item pasted within that content.

Option ⌥ + Command ⌘ + I: Show or hide the inspector window.

Shift ⇧ + Command ⌘ + P
Display a window for selecting document settings.
Shift ⇧ + Command ⌘ + S
Display the Save As dialog, or duplicate the current document.
Shift ⇧ + Command ⌘ + Minus sign (-)
Decrease the size of the selected item.
Shift ⇧ + Command ⌘ + Plus sign (+)
Increase the size of the selected item. Command ⌘ + Equal sign (=) performs the same function.
Shift ⇧ + Command ⌘ + Question mark (?)
Open the Help menu.


Back


Gavin Wiggins © 2020