Update page with Ajax

November 1, 2022

This Flask webapp example uses Ajax to update the page with results from the post request. The results are returned as JSON which is used to update the div tags.

flask ajax

# app.py

from flask import Flask
from flask import render_template
from flask import request
from flask import jsonify

app = Flask(__name__)


@app.route('/')
def index():
    return render_template('index.html')


@app.route('/results', methods=['POST'])
def results():
    a = float(request.form['numberA'])
    b = float(request.form['numberB'])

    sum_ab = a + b
    mult_ab = a * b
    div_ab = a / b

    res = {
        'a': a,
        'b': b,
        'sum_ab': sum_ab,
        'mult_ab': mult_ab,
        'div_ab': div_ab
    }

    return jsonify(res)
<!-- templates/index.html -->

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">
    <link href="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/bootstrap@5.0.0-beta3/dist/css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="stylesheet" integrity="sha384-eOJMYsd53ii+scO/bJGFsiCZc+5NDVN2yr8+0RDqr0Ql0h+rP48ckxlpbzKgwra6" crossorigin="anonymous">
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/jquery/3.6.0/jquery.min.js" integrity="sha512-894YE6QWD5I59HgZOGReFYm4dnWc1Qt5NtvYSaNcOP+u1T9qYdvdihz0PPSiiqn/+/3e7Jo4EaG7TubfWGUrMQ==" crossorigin="anonymous" referrerpolicy="no-referrer"></script>

    <title>Home Page</title>

    <style type="text/css">
        body { background-color: lightgray; }
        input { max-width: 200px; }
    </style>
</head>
<body>
    <div class="container">
        <div class="row">
            <div class="col">

                <h1 class="mt-3">Submit numbers</h1>

                <p>Input numbers A and B into the form below then click the Submit button to see the results.</p>

                <h2>Form</h2>
                <form action="/results" method="POST">
                    <div class="mb-3">
                        <label for="numberA" class="form-label">Number A</label>
                        <input type="number" step="any" class="form-control" name="numberA">
                    </div>
                    <div class="mb-3">
                        <label for="numberB" class="form-label">Number B</label>
                        <input type="number" step="any" class="form-control" name="numberB">
                    </div>
                    <button type="submit" class="btn btn-primary">Submit</button>
                </form>

                <br>
                <div id="numA"></div>
                <div id="numB"></div>
                <div id="sumAB"></div>
                <div id="multAB"></div>
                <div id="divAB"></div>

            </div>
        </div>
    </div>

    <script type="text/javascript">
        $("form").submit(function(event) {

            $.ajax({
                method: "POST",
                url: "/results",
                data: {
                    numberA: $("input[name=numberA]").val(),
                    numberB: $("input[name=numberB]").val()
                },
                success: function(result) {
                    $("#numA").html("<p>Number A is " + result.a + "</p>");
                    $("#numB").html("<p>Number B is " + result.b + "</p>");
                    $("#sumAB").html("<p>Sum A + B is " + result.sum_ab + "</p>");
                    $("#multAB").html("<p>Multiply A x B is " + result.mult_ab + "</p>");
                    $("#divAB").html("<p>Divide A / B is " + result.div_ab + "</p>");
                }
            });

            event.preventDefault();
        });
    </script>

</body>
</html>

🐍 Pythonic Programming
by Gavin Wiggins © 2022