Plotly graphing library

Posted on April 15, 2021



Plotly is a great graphing library for scientific applications. The example below demonstrates using the Plotly JavaScript library in a Flask app.

# app.py

from flask import Flask
from flask import render_template
from flask import request

app = Flask(__name__)


@app.route('/')
def index():
    return render_template('index.html')


@app.route('/plot', methods=['POST'])
def plot():
    xdata = request.form['xdata']
    ydata = request.form['ydata']

    x = list(map(float, xdata.split(', ')))
    y = list(map(float, ydata.split(', ')))
    data = {'x': x, 'y': y}

    return render_template('plot.html', data=data)

index page

plot page

The HTML templates used to render the index and plot pages are shown below.

<!-- index.html -->

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">
    <link href="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/bootstrap@5.0.0-beta3/dist/css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="stylesheet" integrity="sha384-eOJMYsd53ii+scO/bJGFsiCZc+5NDVN2yr8+0RDqr0Ql0h+rP48ckxlpbzKgwra6" crossorigin="anonymous">

    <title>Home Page</title>

    <style type="text/css">
        body { background-color: lightgray; }
        input { max-width: 200px; }
    </style>
</head>
<body>
    <div class="container">
        <div class="row">
            <div class="col">

                <h1 class="mt-3">Submit data</h1>

                <p>Input the x and y data points using comma separated values.</p>

                <form action="/plot" method="POST">
                    <div class="mb-3">
                        <label for="xdata" class="form-label">X data</label>
                        <input type="text" class="form-control" name="xdata">
                    </div>
                    <div class="mb-3">
                        <label for="ydata" class="form-label">Y data</label>
                        <input type="text" class="form-control" name="ydata">
                    </div>
                    <button type="submit" class="btn btn-primary">Submit</button>
                </form>

            </div>
        </div>
    </div>
</body>
</html>
<!-- plot.html -->

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">
    <link href="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/bootstrap@5.0.0-beta3/dist/css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="stylesheet" integrity="sha384-eOJMYsd53ii+scO/bJGFsiCZc+5NDVN2yr8+0RDqr0Ql0h+rP48ckxlpbzKgwra6" crossorigin="anonymous">
    <script src="https://cdn.plot.ly/plotly-latest.min.js"></script>

    <title>Plot Page</title>

    <style type="text/css">
        body { background-color: lightgray; }
    </style>
</head>
<body>
    <div class="container">
        <div class="row">
            <div class="col">

                <h1 class="mt-3">Plot</h1>

                <p>Below is a line plot using the x and y data points.</p>

                <div id="graph" style="width:600px;height:480;"></div>

                <script>
                    var graphDiv = document.getElementById('graph');

                    var data = [{
                        x: ,
                        y: ,
                        type: 'line'
                    }];

                    var layout = {
                        title: 'Example data',
                        xaxis: {
                            title: 'X points',
                            gridcolor: 'rgb(189, 189, 189)',
                        },
                        yaxis: {
                            title: 'Y points',
                            gridcolor: 'rgb(189, 189, 189)',
                            zeroline: false
                        },
                        paper_bgcolor: 'rgba(0,0,0,0)',
                        plot_bgcolor: 'rgba(0,0,0,0)'
                    };

                    Plotly.newPlot(graphDiv, data, layout)
                </script>

            </div>
        </div>
    </div>
</body>
</html>


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Gavin Wiggins © 2021